This post is also available in: polski
The „Lipa Gorge” nature reserve is located in the south-eastern part of the Kaczawskie Foothills, to the north of the village of Lipa and to the south from the village of Nowa Wieś Wielka. It includes the northern valley sides of the Nysa Mała valley and one long tributary valley, distinctive through the presence of rock towers, pulpits and cliffs up to 15 m high. In the bottom of this tributary valley, especially in the upper reach, one can see many erratic boulders left by the Scandinavian ice sheet, including red granites, some up to 1 m long. The reserve was established in 1996 to initially cover 54.7 ha, and expanded to 101 ha in 2002. Several vegetation types are present. On steep slopes thermophilic oak forest and checker oak forest occur, the latter with rare checker trees. Oaks are dwarfed and have twisted branches. In the western part of the reserve acidophilous oak forest dominates, with oak accompanied by birch and pine. Unstable debris slopes are overgrown by maple-lime forest, which also includes sycamore and oak. Moist ground favours rich ground cover, with orchids, martagon lily and mezereon. Along the channel of Nysa Mała river riparian forest with elm and ash occurs. Altogether, more than 270 plant species were recorded within the reserve, including 22 under protection. In the animal world a large population of newt is distinctive.