The little town of Bolków lies in the north-western part of the Wałbrzyskie Foothills, in the upper reach of Nysa Szalona river. It has rich history, closely connected with the castle built in the end of the 13th century. In the ancient Świdnica Duchy, later Świdnica – Jawor Duchy, it was the duke’s seat. Various privileges were granted to the town in the first half of the 14th century, strengthening its position, but subsequent centuries were less favourable and Bolków has never developed into a large urban area.
The centre of the town is occupied by a north–south elongated market square. The town hall building, dated to the first half of the 19th century, stands in the middle. The western side is lined by arcaded houses. To south of the market square one will notice Saint-Hedwig church, built in the 13th century, rebuilt and expanded in the following periods. The church tower is a 19th century construction. Five Renaissance and Baroque epitaphs are placed against the chancel wall. An old protestant church (19th century), recently renovated, hosts cultural institutions. Within the park grounds on Ryszard Hill, east of the centre, remnants of an underground weapon factory from the World War II times are located. In a few places, including the Castle Hill, greenschist rocks with original pillow lava structures are exposed.