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The Bolków castle
was built on a hill overlooking the water gap section of Nysa Szalona river valley. Its beginnings date to the second half of the 13th century. The Duke of Legnica, Bolesław Rogatka, also known as the Bald, was likely the founder, but shortly the castle became the property of dukes of Świdnica (later Świdnica and Jawor) – Bolko I and Bolko II, who ordered enlargement of the fortress. In the first half of the 16th century the castle was rebuilt and expanded towards outer walls with rounded bastions, but was abandoned in the 18th century. In the 19th century the ruins were made available to the visitors and a small museum was opened in 1900. Today the castle is among the most visited places of its kind in the Sudetes. Open-air events are being organized, including Castle Party – an annual meeting of fans of gothic music.
The ruins consist of a few parts. The most elevated part of the hill is occupied by the oldest section, from the 13th century. The defence tower, 25 m high, projects sharply to the south. Below the upper castle the so-called large courtyard extends. In the south, between the upper castle and the outer walls, a large open area is located – the tournament courtyard. The Women’s House, well preserved and with an exhibition inside, dates from the 16th century. At the same time the buildings around the courtyard were crowned by an attic, also added to the main tower. The tower itself is an excellent viewing point.